By Tenas Effendy.
Foreword by Dato’ Dr Ken Yeang.
Rumah is a collection of old Riau–Malay rhymed sayings originally gathered and published by Tenas Effendy. Referred to in Malay literature as ‘Ungkapan’, these eloquent stanzas depict the Malay house as a metaphor for the passage of life, the responsibilities of parenthood, the social observances of communal living, and the obligations of existing harmoniously with nature. Together, they form a complex work that vividly illustrates the values of customary law, etiquette, cultural protocols and religious tenets as cherished within a Malay home. The sayings themselves beautifully capture and radiate the warmth of a graceful Malay kampung house cast within the idyllic setting of a lush tropical oasis. Rumah has been elegantly translated by Raimy Ché-Ross and richly illustrated by Ahmad Harun.
‘‘Peruse RUMAH and appreciate the thousand and one meanings within its pages . . .’’ – Lat Tenas Effendy once said that a house should not only be a place to live in, but it should also exemplify the perfection of life. The traditional Riau–Malay house, as eloquently expressed by him in this poem, represents these tender aspirations: the imparting of traditional mores and customs from wise elders to the young, the demarcation and respect for living spaces, the obligations owed by parents towards the education of their children within the safe, nurturing confines of a home, and the bonds of communal living within an agrarian society. Above all, the physical structure of a Riau–Malay house is a tangible manifestation and constant symbol of our place in both the temporal and spiritual realms. Through his poetic presentation of these ancient pearls of wisdom, Tenas Effendy reminds us that only by truly understanding the deeper meanings behind the symbols and nuances so lovingly crafted into its surface can we appreciate the Riau–Malay house as a timeless, living home.
About the Author
Tenas Effendy (b.1936) is the nom-de-plume of Tengku Nasyaruddin Said Effendy: teacher, writer, poet, culturalist, linguist, and highly revered advocate and connoisseur of Malay–Indonesian arts, language and culture in their highest forms. His works include Tunjuk Ajar Dalam Pantun Melayu (Yogyakarta: Balai Kajian dan Pengembangan Budaya Melayu, 2004), Ungkapan Tradisional Melayu-Riau (DBP, 1989), Bujang Tan Domang (Yogyakarta: École française d’Extrême-Orient, The Toyota Foundation & Yayasan Bentang Budaya, 1997) and The Orang Petalangan Of Riau And Their Forest Environment (IIAS, 2002). A former Head of the Riau–Malay Adat Council and Research Fellow at the Academy of Malay Studies, Universiti Malaya, Pak Tenas is presently the Head of the Pelalawan Adat Cultivation Council, Advisory Council to the Petalangan Adat Assembly and Advisor to the Riau Community Relations Organisation. Pak Tenas has received the Sagang Highest Cultural Figure Award (1997), Pekanbaru Mayoral Cultural Award (2005), Jakarta Academy Award (2006) and an Honorary Doctor of Letters (Hon. D. Litt) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) (2005).
Rumah Melayu. Dengan wajah yang dicantikkan reka bentuk, lukisan cat air dan juga sajak itu sendiri muncul sebagai sebuah karya yang penting. Inilah karya pertama yang melukis rupa dan memberikan ruang kepada falsafah rumit rumah Melayu. Muhammad Haji Salleh, Dewan Budaya bil. 7/2014. Word format
Ode to the Abode. At the heart of the traditional Malay house are architectural genius and age-old wisdom. Feature story in Travel 3Sixty, Air Asia
Significance of the Malay house. Many today are not fully conversant with the ethos and values of the kampung. The poem by Tenas Effendy certainly articulates the significance of the Malay house as a cultural icon. Professor A Murad Merican. Article in The Rakyat Post.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Lat
Preface by Ken Yeang
Rumah, An Ode to the Malay House
The Traditional Riau-Malay House
The Rumah launch
Malaysian cartoonist Datuk Mohammad Nor Khalid, better known as Lat, was guest of honour at the launch held at the Kuala Lumpur Gallery in March 2014. In his speech Lat described the traditional Malay house as a cultural icon, and that the younger generation should remember and hold on to the tradition that makes up this homegrown identity. Lat also provided an illustration to the book.
Architect and ecologist Datuk Dr Ken Yeang, who spearheaded the book, said the traditional Malay house was a cultural icon that was in danger of being a forgotten relic amongst the high-rise apartments, contemporary bungalows and terrace houses.
Guests at the launch also enjoyed the framed illustrations by London-based illustrator Ahmad Harun whose watercolor works were used to accompany the poem.