The ultimate objective of this book is to inculcate the practice of reducing waste and eventually reduce environmental pollution and to maintain ecological balance, reduce the cost of waste management, reduce increasing volume of waste generation to landﬁll, and prolong the lifespan of the Pulau Burung landﬁll.
Each Penang citizen generates at least 1.1 kg of waste daily. Around 1700 to 1800 tonnes of waste is being dumped at the Pulau Burung Landﬁll daily. In 2017, the Penang Island City Council and Seberang Perai Municipal Council allocated RM95.64million and RM98.99 million respectively to deal with waste and public health. An estimated RM2.5million can be saved annually if the waste taken to landﬁlls is reduced by 4%. As for the whole country, the federal government spends almost RM2 billion a year on solid waste disposal and public cleansing works. At present, only 17.3% of the solid waste is recycled. The government aims for a recycling rate of 22% by 2020.