Straits Muslims: Diasporas of the Northern Passage Of The Straits of Malacca is an edited volume by six writers Wazir Jahan Karim, M.Ismail Marcinkowski, Syed Farid Alatas, Khoo Salma Nasution, Abdur-Razzaq Lubis and Rokiah Talib on the migration of Tamils, Arabs (Hadramis), Acehnese, Minang and other Muslim minorities from India, Yemen and Sumatra into the Northern port cities in the Straits of Malacca over the last two centuries.
The diasporas of Muslims into Southeast Asia in particular the ports of Penang, Aceh Malacca and Singapore was closely associated with the intensity of trade, social networks, domestication through marriage and political involvement in pre-colonial and colonial European history. This placed Muslim minorities at a considerable economic and political advantage above indigenous Muslim Malay and proto-Malay communities and empowered them to establish the foundations of Muslim civil societies based on the principles of charitable benevolence, mutual trust, cooperation and social leveling. Those who had the privilege of European secular education used it to their advantage to gain entrepreneurial and political success and empowered their own families, kindred and communities to achieve social mobility.
These Muslim diasporas nevertheless laid the foundation of urban history, multiculturalism and Muslim civil society in the Straits of Malacca. It contributed to Muslim global competitiveness in Southeast Asia, until Chinese and European diasporas intensified during colonial rule and challenged the supremacy of Muslim enterprise in the Straits.